State Council Launches Action Plan to Achieve Peak Carbon Before 2030


China’s highest government authority has issued a new plan to expedite efforts to fulfil the country’s ambitious carbon mitigation targets on schedule.

The State Council issued the “Action Plan to Achieve Peak Carbon Before 2030” (2030年前碳达峰行动方案) on 26 October, for the purpose of “driving overall work arrangements in relation to peak carbon work.”

The Plan calls for “strengthening the systemic and coordinated nature of policy, better employing the role of the government, and fully employing the mechanism of the market.”

Under the Plan China will endeavour to “raise the share of non-fossil fuels in consumption, increase the efficiency of energy usage, and reduce carbon dioxide emissions intensity.”

This will involve “all processes and aspects of the economic and social development process,” with a focus on ten campaigns including:

  1. Green energy low carbon transformation.
  2. Saving energy, reducing carbon and increasing efficiency.
  3. Achieving peak carbon in industry.
  4. Achieving peak carbon in urban and rural development.
  5. Green low carbon transportation.
  6. Using recycling to abet carbon reductions.
  7. Innovations in green low carbon technology.
  8. Consolidation and increase in carbon sink capacity.
  9. A green, low carbon population.
  10. All regions achieving peak carbon in an orderly and staggered manner.

The Plan will make reference to the “Opinions on Completely, Accurately and Comprehensively Implementing New Development Concepts and Properly Performing Peak Carbon and Carbon Neutrality Work” (中共中央 国务院关于完整准确全面贯彻新发展理念做好碳达峰碳中和工作的意见) previously issued by the State Council in conjunction with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

In 2020 the Xi administration set the twin targets for China to achieve peak carbon before 2030, and carbon neutrality by 2060.